Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose
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Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose (HPMC) For Gypsum Plasters

When dry POP powder is mixed with water it hardens. This material which can be applied over brick, block or concrete surface to form a smooth surface is called gypsum plaster.Gypsum Plaster can be applied directly on any brick, solid or hollow blocks, AAC blocks and plaster boards. Gypsum plaster has good insulation properties, fire resistant and impact resistant. Also, gypsum saves a lot of time during construction and has superior finish. These properties have clearly drawn attention of real estate builders and contractors towards choosing gypsum plaster over traditional cement plaster.

Recommended GradeSL HP100WPSL HP70WP
AppearanceWhite or off-white powderWhite or off-white powder
Water Retention Rate(%)97%min.97%min.
Moisture content≤5 %≤5 %
pH value6-76-7
Viscosity140000 mPa.s (NDJ-1, 2% solution, 20℃)80000 mPa.s (NDJ-1, 2% solution, 20℃)

Gypsum plaster is a popular construction material known for its excellent properties, such as fire resistance and sound insulation. To further improve its workability, adhesion, and performance, Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose (HPMC) is often used as an additive. In this article, we will explore the significance of HPMC for gypsum plaster and its various advantages in the construction industry.

The Role Of HPMC In Gypsum Plaster:

Improved Workability: 

HPMC enhances the workability and ease of application of gypsum plaster, allowing it to spread more smoothly and efficiently on a variety of surfaces. Its water-retaining properties prevent rapid drying, allowing contractors to achieve consistent results without compromising quality.

Enhanced Adhesion: 

HPMC helps improve the adhesion of gypsum plaster to dissimilar substrates, promoting a strong bond and reducing the risk of delamination or cracking over time. This produces a long-lasting, durable plaster finish.

Superior Crack Resistance: 

HPMC-treated plaster is more resistant to cracking, reducing the likelihood of cracks forming due to shrinkage or movement. This is particularly beneficial in areas prone to temperature fluctuations or structural changes.


HPMC extends the open time of the plaster, giving craftsmen more time to perfect their finishing touches. This increase in machinability means improved aesthetics and a more refined final appearance.

Controlled Water Retention: 

The controlled water absorption and release capabilities of HPMC ensure proper curing of the plaster, allowing for even drying and minimizing surface imperfections. This controlled hydration helps create an even, flawless finish.

Description of HPMC for gypsum plasters:

Water Retention: 

HPMC serves as a water retention agent in gypsum plasters, helping to maintain the optimal moisture level within the plaster mix. This extended water retention ensures that the plaster remains workable for a longer period, allowing for easier application and smoother finishing.

Improved Workability: 

By enhancing water retention, HPMC enhances the workability of gypsum plasters, making them easier to mix, apply, and spread onto surfaces. The improved workability results in better coverage, reduced material waste, and enhanced overall productivity during plastering operations.

Reduced Sagging and Slumping: 

The addition of HPMC helps prevent sagging and slumping of gypsum plasters, particularly on vertical surfaces such as walls and ceilings. This improved sag resistance ensures that the plaster adheres evenly to the substrate without dripping or sliding, resulting in a uniform and aesthetically pleasing finish.

Enhanced Adhesion: 

HPMC improves the adhesion of gypsum plasters to various substrates, including masonry, concrete, wood, and drywall. This enhanced adhesion ensures a strong bond between the plaster and the substrate, minimizing the risk of delamination or detachment over time.

Crack Resistance: 

HPMC contributes to the crack resistance of gypsum plasters by imparting flexibility to the hardened material. This increased flexibility allows the plaster to accommodate minor movements or substrate expansion and contraction without cracking or fracturing, ensuring long-term durability and structural integrity.

Surface Smoothness: 

Gypsum plasters formulated with HPMC exhibit improved surface smoothness and finish, resulting in a uniform and seamless appearance. The addition of HPMC helps minimize surface imperfections such as ridges, bumps, and air voids, allowing for easier painting or decoration after plastering.


HPMC is compatible with other additives commonly used in gypsum plaster formulations, including setting accelerators, retarders, and air-entraining agents. This compatibility allows formulators to tailor the properties of gypsum plasters to meet specific performance requirements while maintaining consistency and stability.

In summary, Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) plays a crucial role in enhancing the performance and workability of gypsum plasters, providing improved water retention, workability, sag resistance, adhesion, crack resistance, surface smoothness, and compatibility with other additives. Its use contributes to the production of high-quality gypsum plaster formulations suitable for a wide range of interior and exterior plastering applications.

Please contact Sleo to solve your customization needs and provide you with high-quality products.

Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose (HPMC) For Gypsum Plasters

Safety notes
The data presented above is in accordance with the present state of our knowledge, but doesn't absolve the user from carefully checking it all immediately on receipt. We reserve the right to alter product constantly within the scope of technical progress or new developments. The recommendations made above should be checked by preliminary trials because of conditions during processing over which we have no control of, especially where other companies' raw materials are also being used.


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